for cataract treatment...

The term cataract refers to the multifactorial opacity of the crystalline ocular lens which can be observed in all age-groups.

The most common form of cataract is due to the normal, age-dependent damage of the lens (senile cataract) and constitutes the main cause of blindness. Cataract can be completely treated with the implementation of special surgical techniques.
The modern and most commonly used surgical technique is worldwide well known as Phacoemulsification.

for myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism and presbyopia treatment...

The human eye functions as a perfect microcamera with inconceivable capabilities, in comparison with every high-technology human optical invention. Due to its small dimensions and its refractive properties it has great strength and adjustability.
This category includes nearly all these problems that can be treated with the use of eyesight-correcting glasses or/and contact lenses application.
Nowadays, many of these problems are being solved within the broader section of refractive surgery, with special laser and intraocular lenses use.

for macular diseases...

Μacula is the human’s eye fundus central area which is responsible for the detailed and high-resolution image we perceive through our binocular optical system.

Variable macular diseases, disorders and degenerations can occur in all ages: genetic, congenital, acquired, acute, chronic, post traumatic, metabolic, vascular, inflammatory, toxic, etc.

The most common are conditions that occur mainly in elder ages such as dry or wet type age-related macular degeneration and others, associated with systemic or vascular diseases, such as diabetic retinopathy and macular edema following brunch or central retinal vein occlusion.

for glaucoma treatment...

As the second most common cause of blindness world wide (depending on the race), glaucoma comprises a very severe disease. The retinal neuroepithelium, that is the tissue which receives and transports all the visual stimuli to the brain, is progressively destroyed, without being perceived from the patient even in the advanced stages.

The most common form of glaucoma, in the Caucasians of Europe, is Chronic Open Angle Glaucoma.
Nowadays, the advances in pharmaceutical technology has led to the establishment of the medical treatment of glaucoma in the form of eye drops, with very simple dosage schemes. In some cases, the patient undergoes additional therapies, with special Laser or/and implantation of drainage valves which drain the aqueous humor from the anterior chamber.
In the resistant forms of the disease as well as in some special cases of other forms of glaucoma, the patients undergo several forms of surgical therapies, commonly, trabeculectomy.

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